WHY CRIMES ARE COMMITTED
RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY
People act in their self-interest and make decisions to commit crime after weighing the potential risks against the rewards.
SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY
A person’s physical and social environments are primarily responsible for the behavioral choices that person makes.
Most people have similar aspirations, but not the same opportunities. When people fail to achieve society’s expectations through approved means they may attempt to achieve success through crime.
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
People develop motivation & skills to commit crime through the people they associate with.
SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY
Most people would commit crime if not for the controls that society places on individuals (Ex: School).
People in power decide what acts are crimes. Once a person is labeled a criminal, society takes away their opportunities, which may ultimately lead to more criminal behavior.
Poor diet, mental illness, bad brain chemistry, and even evolutionary rewards for aggressive criminal conduct cause criminal behavior.
FOR EACH THEORY
Rational Choice Theory
Social Disorganization Theory
Social Learning Theory
Social Control Theory
Biology, Genetics, Evolution Theory